percent of daily salivary production. 8 Residual salivary volume is saliva left in the mouth after swallowing; it forms a thin, protective, lubricating film covering the oral surfaces. There are sitespecific differences in the thickness of the salivary film,Ultrasound (if indicated with sialogogue) is the ideal first imaging modality for the assessment of salivary pathology and facilitates guided aspiration and biopsy. However, ultrasound may miss distal submandibular duct calculi near the papilla as the distal duct sialogogues pdf
Dec 22, 2014 Diagnosis of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction is dependent upon a careful and detailed history and thorough oral examination. There exist many options for treatment and symptom management: salivary stimulants, topical agents, saliva substitutes, and systemic sialogogues.
Apr 18, 2018 Sialogogues, local heat, gentle massage of the gland from posterior to anterior, and hydration provide variable symptomatic relief. When pus is expressed from the Stensen duct, culture and sensitivity studies guide antibiotic selection. xerostomia. pdf Download as PDF File (. pdf), Text File (. txt) or read online. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Search Search. Upload. Sign In. Treatment is based on either stimulating the flow of remaining salivary tissue with lollies or sialogogues such as pilocarpine, or wetting the mucosa with water or sialogogues pdf Foods that make your dry mouth water. Certain foods stimulate salivary glands function and as a result, increase salivation. They are called sialogogue foods. In contrast, other foods can cause dry mouth and worsen the problem.
A sialogogue, sialagogue, ptysmagogue or ptyalagogue is a drug or substance that increases the flow rate of saliva. Sialogogues can be used in the treatment of xerostomia (the subjective feeling of having a dry mouth), to stimulate any functioning salivary gland tissue to produce more saliva. sialogogues pdf Topical sialogogues, as malic acid, allow a safe use as they induce no systemic sideeffects or pharmacological interactions, being especially interesting in cases of mild hyposalivation and oral dryness, mainly the chronic use of xerostomizing drugs. In this openlabel crossover assessment in 20 patients with xerostomia, a one to twoweek course of each medication with a oneweek washout period was prescribed. Side effects, symptoms, whole stimulated and unstimulated saliva were measured. PDF Objectives: Use of certain drugs is the most common aetiology of xerostomia. Systemic sialogogues provide a longer effect than topic ones, but also induce relevant side effects. saliva substitutes, and systemic sialogogues. The aim of this review is to investigate the current state of knowledge on management and treatment of patients affected by xerostomia andor hyposalivation. Keyword: saliva stimulation, dry mouth, saliva substitutes, sialogoguesRating: 4.95 / Views: 343